Due to Con Edison’s price hikes in recent years, solar energy has become a popular and sustainable alternative to traditional sources of energy in New York City. Even with its growth in popularity, many people are still curious about whether solar panels work at night.

The short answer is: No. Solar panels do not generate energy at night.

But even though solar panels don’t work at night, there are still ways to keep your home powered by the sun all day (and night) long! Read on to explore the mechanics of solar energy, why solar panels don’t generate energy at night, and how net metering keeps solar-powered New Yorkers energized all year ‘round!

How Solar Energy Works

Sunlight is made up of tiny particles called photons. Solar panels work by using the photovoltaic effect to convert these photons into direct current (DC) electricity. This DC electricity is then sent to an inverter, which converts it into alternating current (AC) electricity.

AC electricity is used to power homes, co-ops, businesses, and the grid. Since solar panel systems are connected to a utility meter, any excess electricity is exported to the grid and credited to the property owner via net metering.

Diagram of how solar energy works to power a home
A diagram demonstrating how residential solar in NYC works.

Why don’t solar panels work at night?

Solar panels don’t work at night because they require sunlight to generate electricity. Without sunlight, the photovoltaic (PV) cells, or solar cells, in the panels cannot create an electric field, and therefore cannot generate electricity. This is also why your solar energy system may produce slightly less on a cloudy day than it would on a clear, sunny day.

Can other sources of light power my solar panels at night?

Solar panels require direct sunlight to generate electricity, so other sources of light, such as moonlight or streetlights, cannot power them at night. 

Interestingly, there are solar technologies being developed that use the change in temperature of solar panels to generate electricity (such as thermoelectric generators), but they are still in the experimental stage and not widely available.

Storing Solar Energy for Nighttime Use

A big solar myth is that solar doesn’t work when it isn’t sunny. While solar panels cannot generate electricity at night, the good news is that solar energy can still be stored for nighttime use. In fact, there are two main ways to store solar energy: net metering and battery storage.

Net Metering

Net metering is a billing mechanism that allows you to store your solar energy as a retail energy credit to be used at a later date.

As a NYC residential solar owner, you remain connected to the grid and any excess energy your system produces will be exported into the grid. Once your solar array is installed, the utility company will begin tracking how much energy flows in and out of your home, and credit you for your export on future electric bills.

Net metering in New York City credits you at the retail rate for energy your system produces (this is not the case in other regions or states, like California’s net metering program).

Solar Battery Storage

Battery storage systems store excess solar energy generated during the day, which can then be used to power homes at night when solar panels are not generating electricity or during a power outage when the power grid is offline.

Is solar energy a reliable source of power at night in NYC?

Solar energy is a very reliable and sustainable source of power at night in New York City when combined with the power of net metering. 

There are many advantages to solar! Not only will your home be powered 24/7, you will also save a substantial amount of money from monthly electric bills, raise your home’s value, AND reduce your carbon footprint.

solar canopy at night brooklyn nyc with skyline
Though your solar canopy may not create electricity at night, it can create an excellent rooftop hangout!

Advances in Solar Technology

Solar technology is always making advances, thanks to scientists and researchers continuing to improve the efficiency and cost-effectiveness of solar power. With government incentives at an all-time high and attractive solar panel financing available, now is the perfect time to go solar.

For homeowners who want to be solar powered in NYC, Brooklyn SolarWorks has developed unique solutions to bring reliable and sustainable flat roof solar to the city.

Powering Your Home All Day with Solar in NYC

The amount of energy generated by solar panels depends on the amount of sunlight they receive, which can be limited in a city with tall buildings and a lot of shade. Luckily, when you go solar with Brooklyn SolarWorks you can rest assured knowing your custom-designed solar system is generating the most energy possible. 

With your solar energy and Con Edison’s net metering system, your home will be solar powered all hours of the day. 
Ready to get started? Schedule your free consultation and home assessment today!

Winter is coming…so what does that mean for your residential solar panels (and your wallet)? 

Here in New York City, the winter months bring more than just cold weather – they also bring snow. Luckily, snow on solar panels doesn’t have as big of an impact on energy production as most people think! Read on to learn about the effects snow has on solar panels, how to take care of your panels this winter, and how winter compares to the other seasons.

Do Solar Panels Work When They Are Covered In Snow?

Do solar panels work with snow on them? Short answer: if your solar array is ever fully covered by anything (including a thick layer of snow), solar production will be limited. 

When it comes to snow, if the layer is thick enough, it could cease energy generation for a short period of time. But even if this happens, the snow’s impact on your energy generation is pretty insignificant in the grand scheme of things. If you find that your solar panels are fully covered, you now have two choices: you can take the snow off yourself or let Mother Nature do the work!

Do I Need to Clear Snow From My Solar Panels?

Your solar panels are covered by a layer of snow, what should you do? Our recommended method of snow removal is to simply let the snow melt off naturally. Our solar systems are made to withstand extreme weather conditions, including heavy snowstorms. So you don’t have to worry about how long your solar panels will last or how much energy they’ll produce even when there’s heavy snow cover on top of them. 

Remember: the power you may miss out on during a snowstorm is minimal. It’s not worth risking a trip up to an icy rooftop. 

Solar cells are designed to attract and trap sun rays. With their dark and reflective surface, solar panels are about 36°F warmer than the outside temperature. With this generated heat, snow tends to melt at a faster pace than usual. Pair this with the angle of your solar panels and the snow should slide off relatively quickly without any help at all! Since the snow doesn’t stay as long, you should see very little impact to your overall electricity generation.

Another added benefit to letting the snow melt naturally is that your solar panels essentially get a free cleaning! Any dirt that is stuck on your panels will bond to the snow and wash away as the snow melts. Pretty cool, right?

Can The Same Amount of Solar Energy Be Generated in the Winter?

A solar myth that goes around every winter is: solar doesn’t work when it isn’t sunny.

Seasonal solar panel performance is a common question, and the short answer is that each season has its pros and cons for energy generation. Even though the days are shorter in the winter, solar panels tend to work more efficiently in the cold. This is due to the solar panels’ “peak temperatures.” What this means is that if a solar panel goes over its peak temp (about 77°F) their efficiency for producing electricity decreases. This is less likely to happen during the winter months. The lack of direct sunlight and rise in solar panel efficiency tend to balance each other out! 

New York residents also have the advantage of net metering! Net metering takes all the unused energy you create and sends it to the grid for others to use. When this happens, you’re rewarded with energy “credits” from your utility provider. Net metering is a great way to keep your electric bill balanced all year-round.

Want to learn more on how you can be rewarded with energy credits this year? Schedule a free consultation today.

Are Snow Guards Necessary for Solar Panels?

Solar panels have a glass surface which is essentially frictionless. This can cause snow to release and slide off your roof. Having heavy snowfall can be a hazard to your gutters, landscaping, and people just passing by. In areas that have moderate snowfall, solar panels tend to melt the snow off before it collects enough to become dangerous. 

To prevent this, many folks opt to use a snow guard on their roof. This is a device installed above the edge of a sloped roof to block snow from falling. One of the main considerations here is the slope of your roof: pitched roofs are the most common roofs for solar panels to be installed, and most likely to have this issue. 
But in NYC, there are also a lot of flat roofed homes with solar as well. For flat roofs or low sloped roofs, snow guards are generally not necessary.

Solar Panels Are A Great Renewable Energy Solution Year Round

Even in a winter wonderland, the advantages of solar panels are endless. Energy is generated through sunlight, not the heat the sun produces. So as long as there’s sunlight hitting your panels, your home will be generating solar power! 

Generating energy, improving your home, and reducing your carbon footprint are just a few of the excellent benefits of solar. Not only are solar panels a cost-effective solution anytime of the year but, solar panel maintenance in the winter weather is easier than anyone gives them credit for as well.

Don’t let a little snow get in the way of your savings! Schedule a free consultation today to start your journey towards energy independence.

For New York City homeowners, solar power is an excellent way to reduce your carbon footprint and avoid rising electricity rates. In most cases, solar panels can completely power your NYC house, meeting your family’s energy needs and then some. But the output of your solar system can vary greatly depending on a variety of factors. 

In this article, we’ll break down what you need to know about solar production in NYC.

How does solar energy work on NYC’s Brownstones?

A solar energy system on a NYC brownstone works just the same as it does on any other home. The solar panels on your roof absorb sunlight, generating direct current (DC) electricity. The DC electricity is converted into alternating current (AC) electricity by your system’s inverter and distributed through your home’s main electrical panel. Any unused electricity will be exported into the grid, and Con Ed will compensate you for it on your next electric bill through a system called net metering.

Calculating How Many Solar Panels it Takes to Power a Home

The easiest way to determine the potential size of your home’s solar system is by talking to a trusted solar installer to get an accurate estimate (we provide custom proposals for free!). But if you’d like to do some quick math on your own, you’ll need three key pieces of information:

  • Your annual electricity usage 
  • The wattage of your potential solar panels
  • The production ratio of your solar system

With these numbers, you can use the formula below to estimate how many panels you’ll need:

Number of panels = system size / production ratio / panel wattage

Annual Energy Usage

Your annual energy usage is how much electricity your home uses in one year, measured in kilowatt-hours (kWh). You can get this information from Con Edison. This number varies from home to home based on how many lights, appliances, and electronics you’re running and how frequently – for example, if you’re using a home EV charger to power your car every night, your usage will reflect that.

Ideally, your solar system will offset 100% of your home’s energy consumption, so this number is key in determining how many panels you’ll need.

Solar Panel Wattage and Output

The wattage of a solar panel is its expected output under ideal conditions, measured in Watts (W). The higher the wattage, the more powerful the panel. Most panels on the market today are between 250 and 400 Watts, but vary in productivity due to solar panel efficiency. For the purposes of this calculation, it’s important to know overall how much energy your panels can produce.

Production Ratio

A solar panel system’s production ratio is its projected amount of kWh produced in one year divided by its total wattage. This ratio largely depends on how much sunlight your system is exposed to over the course of a year, which differs depending on geographic location. In the United States, typical production ratios are somewhere between 1.3 and 1.6.

Other Factors that Impact Your Solar Panel System

The formula above can help give you a rough estimate of your system size. But in a lot of situations, it’s not quite as clear cut. Achieving 100% offset through solar power can vary depending on a number of factors, especially here in New York City.

Roof Size and Orientation

The roofs of New York City are as unique as its people are. Roof space varies: any given home could have an assortment of skylights, hatches, HVAC equipment, garden beds, and more. Depending on how your roof is set up, this could affect how many panels can reasonably fit considering other factors like the fire path. 
Needless to say, we have to get creative! For this reason, we only survey our customers’ roofs in-person – no virtual estimates here. Schedule a free consultation to get started.

How Many Square Feet Your Home Is

When it comes to energy usage, the size of your home may have an impact on how much solar power you’ll need. Larger homes typically have more lights and more appliances, and also require more power to heat and cool.

Hours of Sunlight Your Home Receives

The amount of sunlight your home receives depends on the time of year – naturally, we receive less sun in the winter versus the summer, meaning you’ll see less peak sunlight hours. Shade is also an important component of determining solar viability, especially in NYC. Because everything is built so close together here, it’s common to receive shade from taller buildings and trees. But every roof is unique, and in most cases, solar still makes sense.

Proper Installation of Solar Power

Because of the many external factors at play, like shading and fire code, it’s important to work with an installer who knows how to work around potential hindrances and maximize solar production. Unfortunately, many installers who work in the area do not specialize in NYC roofs. But for us, they’re our bread and butter – we’ve spent years honing our craft and our working hard to install solar wherever possible in NYC.

Usage of Quality Solar Panels

Like any manufactured product, not all solar panels are created equal. The material used in the manufacturing of a solar panel affects how it converts sunlight into electricity. The wiring, busing, and glass used in the construction of a panel can affect its performance as well.

The Average Number of Solar Panels on NYC’s Brownstones

To reiterate, every roof and home in NYC is different – thus, we do not provide quotes or proposed system designs with exact numbers without performing an in-person assessment first. 

But to give you an idea of how many solar panels could power your house, we offer two mounting options: a canopy and a tilt rack. A solar canopy elevates the panels nine feet above the roof surface to avoid the fire path and any obstructions. Tilt racks are installed closer to the roof surface and split solar arrays into sections, working around obstructions.

A solar canopy is the larger system option – typically consisting of 21 or more solar panels. Tilt rack systems are smaller, with around 15 panels. The actual system size is subject to change depending on your roof and clean energy needs.

Now is the Time to Power Your NYC Home with a Solar System

Residential solar power is an incredibly valuable renewable energy source for New Yorkers. In most cases, solar panels can completely power the average home in NYC, allowing you to say goodbye to Con Ed bills and reduce your carbon footprint too.

Ready to start your solar journey? Schedule a free consultation to get started.

Electric vehicles are quickly becoming a mainstay in New York transportation. If you depend on cars to get you from point A to point B, swapping out your gasoline-powered vehicle for an electric car is a great way to save on fuel costs and cut your personal emissions. What’s more, charging an electric car with solar panels is the cleanest, most cost-effective way to fuel your ride.

Considering investing in an electric car and wondering how solar EV charging works? Here’s what you need to know.

How does solar EV charging work?

If you’ve installed an EV charger in your home, you’ve essentially brought the gas station to you – no more trips to the pump in order to fuel your car. Your EV charger is connected to your home’s power, so if your home is powered by solar panels: congrats! You’ve got a solar powered car. 

Solar EV charging is relatively simple. All you need to charge your EV at home with solar is: an active solar system, an EV charger, and, of course, your electric vehicle. Your solar panel system will produce AC electricity to be distributed throughout your home by your main electrical panel. This power will feed into your EV charger, and therefore your EV.

How much energy do you need to charge your EV?

Though solar EV charging is a simple process, there are some variables to consider. One of these is how efficient your home solar system will be for EV charging. Charging your vehicle will consume a considerable amount of energy, so it’s important to take the size of your solar system into account. 

If you’re looking into solar panels for your home and see EV charging as part of your future, be sure to note this with your solar installer. If you already have an EV charger and you’re adding solar into the equation, be sure to collect a few months of data on your energy usage – this will help your solar installer to calculate exactly how much extra power you’ll need.

Another factor to consider is how often you’ll be driving your EV. There are different charging options available, depending on your needs.

Level 1 Charging

A Level 1 EV charger is a standard charging cord that comes with most EV purchases, and plugs into a typical wall outlet. These chargers are the slowest of the options available, but can work just fine if you don’t drive very often. These are also good to bring with you in case you need a charge while you’re out. 

Level 2 Charging

If you drive everyday, you’ll probably want to consider installing a Level 2 charger in your home. Level 2 chargers operate on 240-volt power, performing up to 8 times faster than Level 1 chargers. Level 2 chargers do require a more complex electrical setup than Level 1, so you may want to hire an electrician to complete the job. Needless to say, Level 2 chargers are more expensive than Level 1, but may be well worth it!

Level 3 or Direct Current (DC) Charging 

The fastest EV charging option is Level 3, which uses DC electricity for maximum efficiency. However, Level 3 charging is only available in some public charging stations, like Tesla’s Superchargers, and not for home use due to its high voltage nature.

Combined Solar Inverter and EV Charger

Recent technological developments have led to the creation of combined solar inverter and EV charging units. In this case, your rooftop solar system would feed directly into your EV, bypassing the electric panel. Because this is a newer technology, there are limited options on the market, and they’re generally the most expensive of the home charging systems.

Can rooftop solar panels charge an electric car?

The short answer is: yes! Using your home’s solar panels to charge your EV is the cleanest and most environmentally friendly way of doing so. 

One of the common arguments against EVs is that you can’t always control the power source – so if your neighborhood charging station is powered by fossil fuels, then your car is too. But a solar installation and EV charger in your home solves that problem completely.

If you plan to charge your EV with your solar panels, you should note this with your solar installer, as it will be an important factor in determining the size of your solar energy system. We’ve helped a number of customers switch to solar while factoring in EV charging, and even have a few charging stations of our own! Talk to one of our solar experts today.

How many solar panels does it take to charge an electric car?

The number of panels it takes to charge an electric vehicle can vary depending on a number of factors, like panel type, EV model, your vehicle use, and weather conditions. For that reason, it could take anywhere between 5 and 12 panels to fully charge an electric vehicle.

When considering a solar powered EV charging set up, it’s best to get the advice of your solar installer to determine the best course of action and maximize your production.

Solar Charging vs. Other Charging Options Costs

Regardless of your charging source, fueling your car with electricity is cheaper than buying gas. A study released in March 2022 estimated that electric vehicles are now 3 to 6 times cheaper in the United States than their gas-powered counterparts. Check out the chart below for the average cost per mile of some of the most popular gas-powered cars (left) and electric vehicles (right) on the market.

Graph credit to electrek.co

When you own an EV, you have two charging options at your disposal: public and home charging. Public charging gives you the ability to plug into commercial stations whenever you’re out and about or on a road trip. Some public stations may be free, but generally they charge per kWh of charge to your car’s battery or on a time basis. The cost of public charging is much more variable, and generally higher than charging at home.

By and large, home charging is the cheaper option. The cost will depend on your home’s electricity rates, which can, of course, increase overtime. This is why the value of charging your EV with solar power cannot be understated. The average cost of solar energy is much cheaper than grid electricity over time, and also stays consistent across the lifetime of the system.

Purchasing solar panels to pair with your EV charger simply means buying many years of fuel upfront – and puts you in control of the cost, rather than being at the whim of volatile fossil fuels prices. 

Electric Vehicle Incentives in NYC

Thanks to President Biden’s 2022 federal climate bill, all Americans are now eligible for a $7,500 tax credit for purchasing a new EV and $4,000 for a used vehicle.
As a New York State resident, you’ll also be able to take advantage of NY’s Drive Clean Rebate. As part of the state’s Charge NY initiative, drivers can save $2,000 on the purchase or lease of a new eligible electric car.

Reduce Your Carbon Footprint with a Solar Powered Car

EVs and rooftop solar panels are the perfect pair. Each is great on its own – but when combined, you’ll truly maximize your environmental impact and your savings. 

Ready to reduce your carbon footprint with solar energy? Schedule a free consultation with NYC’s local experts today.

When it comes to energy, efficiency is the word. The efficiency of your home’s power source makes an impact on both your electric bills and your carbon footprint. 

If you’re investing in solar power for your home in NYC, it’s important to consider the efficiency of the solar panels that’ll be installed on your roof. Solar panel efficiency is an important factor in determining the ROI of your solar installation and how much of your home’s energy needs will be covered.

What is solar panel efficiency?

Solar panel efficiency is a measure of how much of the sun’s energy can be converted into electricity through photovoltaics. In other words: if a solar panel is rated at 18% efficiency, that means 18% of the sunlight that shines on the panel will be converted to usable electricity. Solar panel efficiency depends largely on material, size, and PV cell design and configuration.

The higher the efficiency rating, the better. Recent breakthroughs in solar technology have significantly improved solar panel efficiency – the most efficient solar panels on the market today are rated at over 22% efficiency (up from an average of 15%). Most PV panels today sit at around 20% efficiency.

In May 2022, researchers at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory created a solar cell with a world record 39.5% efficiency rating. Exciting stuff!

Here at Brooklyn SolarWorks, we’re proud to provide REC solar panels, which see efficiency ratings of over 22%.

How efficient are solar panels as an energy source in NYC?

Solar panels are an incredibly efficient, affordable source of energy in NYC. New York has immense solar potential, and solar PV technology continues improving all the time. 

While it’s true that right now fossil fuels are more efficient than solar panels based on the numbers alone, it’s important to consider other factors as well. Solar energy is and always will be readily available, for instance, and doesn’t come with the environmental costs of burning coal or oil. 15 to 20 percent efficiency may not seem like much, but panels on the market today provide plenty of power for the average NYC home.

Plus, as any New Yorker knows, Con Ed bills continue to rise. Fossil fuel prices will always be subject to the volatility of the global market, while solar is virtually free and unlimited. For these reasons, the value and advantages of solar energy in NYC cannot be understated. 

What types of solar panels are most efficient?

The efficiency of a solar panel depends greatly on the type of material used. There are three main types of solar panels: monocrystalline, polycrystalline, and thin film. Crystalline panels are more efficient than thin film, with monocrystalline panels being the highest efficiency. 

Which factors determine the efficiency of solar panels in NYC?

As with any manufactured product, not all solar panels are created equal. Here are a few factors that make an efficient panel.

Panel Material and Construction

The material used in the manufacturing of a solar panel affects how it converts sunlight into electricity. Monocrystalline solar panels, made from a single crystal of silicon, are the most efficient type of panel, followed by polycrystalline solar panels and thin-film. The wiring, busing, and glass used in the construction of a panel can affect its performance as well.

Temperature and Weather Conditions

Higher temperatures and adverse weather conditions can reduce the efficiency of a solar panel. During a heatwave or a blizzard, you may see a decrease in the output of your solar PV system. Luckily, NYC doesn’t experience the most extreme of weather conditions – but choosing panels that optimize seasonal solar performance can be beneficial. 

Our go-to panel provider, REC, has designed high-efficiency solar panels with an industry-leading temperature coefficient. This optimizes solar cell efficiency and sees greater power output in hotter climates.

Positioning and Angle of Panel Installation

Needless to say, solar panels work best when they’re getting the most direct sunlight. South-facing panels will see the best output. The position of the panels on your roof also makes a difference in how much sunlight they receive, especially in NYC. Here, there are often greater opportunities for shade from nearby trees and adjacent buildings. 

That’s why it’s important to work with an installer that knows how to maximize solar performance on NYC homes. Here at Brooklyn SolarWorks, we complete free site assessments for every customer to determine the optimal positioning for every solar energy system.

Solar Panel Degradation

Though you can expect your solar panels to provide you with clean energy for decades, they will likely degrade overtime. Solar panel degradation is a natural process that occurs over the lifetime of the technology, due to uncontrollable factors like chemical processes and extreme temperatures. Solar panels with a lower degradation rate will see higher efficiency and better performance over the long term.

Solar Panel Efficiency Continues to Improve in NYC’s Boroughs

Solar panels are a valuable source of energy for New Yorkers, and photovoltaic technology is improving everyday. Since 2015, Brooklyn SolarWorks has been working to spread solar throughout the city, providing custom solutions that maximize performance. 

Ready to get started? Schedule a free consultation today.

If you’re looking into solar power for your home, you may have questions about how long you can expect your solar panels to last. You may have heard that solar requires a lot of maintenance, or that you’ll have to throw your panels out after a few years. 

The good news is that when you go solar, you can expect your solar panels to last a long time with little to no maintenance – decades, in fact! Read on to learn the real deal on solar panel lifespan and degradation.

What is the typical lifespan of solar panels?

The average lifespan of solar panels is about 25 to 30 years. But it’s important to remember that a solar panel’s “lifespan” is only representative of how long they’re expected to produce at max efficiency – not when they’ll go out of service completely. By year 25, high quality panels will still be producing at 90%+ efficiency, but you may begin to see a downtick in power output in the coming years.

This means that you can expect to continue relying on your panels for much longer than their predicted lifespan. In fact, there are solar systems installed back in the 1980s that are still operational!

What is solar degradation?

Though you can expect your solar panels to provide you with clean energy for decades, they will likely degrade overtime. Solar panel degradation is a natural process that occurs over the lifetime of the technology, due to uncontrollable factors like chemical processes and extreme temperatures. 

All solar panel models come with a measured degradation rate. A lower degradation rate means better performance and greater output overtime.

What causes solar degradation and inefficiencies in NYC?

Natural Processes

Some of the most common forms of degradation are naturally occurring mechanical or chemical processes, such as light-induced degradation (LID). Exposure to direct sunlight and UV radiation for the first time can cause chemical reactions that create slight inefficiencies before stabilizing overtime. Potential-induced degradation (PID) can cause voltage leaks if two of the panel’s components operate at different voltages.

Extreme Weather Conditions

Over the course of a solar panel’s lifetime on a roof in NYC, it’ll stand strong against many types of weather. But heatwaves, hurricanes, and snowstorms all have the potential to increase the rate of aging-related degradation if dramatic changes in temperature or high winds cause any damage. Seasonal solar panel performance is generally not something to be worried about, but there are rare instances where this could occur.

Manufacturing and Installation Issues

Like any manufactured product or appliance, solar panel system performance can suffer due to manufacturing or installation issues, like poor workmanship, mishandling, and the use of low quality materials. This is why it’s important to choose a solar provider that invests in high quality panels and top-notch installers. 

Does the manufacturer play a role in degradation?

As with any industry, not all solar panel manufacturers are the same. Unfortunately, some try to cut costs by using low quality or incompatible materials, or fail to assemble panels correctly. Thankfully, this is quite rare, and most manufacturers provide warranties. But when you go solar, it’s important to take note of what kind of panels your solar power company chooses to use.

The solar industry uses a tiering system to rate the overall quality of solar panel models, and solar panel degradation rate is a major factor in that ranking. Tier 1 solar panels, the highest quality on the market, have a degradation rate of no more than 0.3% per year. This equates to an excellent 93% efficiency by year 25. Tier 2 panels are around a 0.5% rate of degradation, while Tier 3 is 0.8% or more.

Tier 1 and Tier 2 panels are both terrific options for long-term performance, though Tier 1 will be slightly better in the long run. To maximize your return on investment, it’s important to choose a solar installer that uses high quality solar panels. REC, our go-to panel provider, boasts degradation rates of only 0.25% per year. 

Are you an NYC homeowner ready to make the switch to solar energy? Schedule a free consultation today.

Do you have to replace solar panels over time?

Reaching your 25th solar anniversary doesn’t automatically mean that it’s time for panel replacement. Unless your panels have incurred significant physical damage by that time, they’ll still be generating quite a bit of energy. Though you may begin to notice a slight downtick in energy production overtime, you’ll still be able to rely on your solar energy system as a source of electricity for your home for many years to come. 

Does your solar system need regular maintenance?

Solar panel maintenance is a breeze. With no moving parts to actively keep an eye on, solar panels are very reliable and worry-free. 

Cleaning is not required, as Mother Nature can typically take care of any dirt or debris that may build up. Removing snow and ice is not required or recommended, as the power loss during a snowstorm is quite minimal and it can be dangerous. However, you can choose to clean your panels if you please – try to avoid any harsh detergents or brushes that could damage the glass.

As with any technology, however, it’s always good to check in from time to time. When you go solar with Brooklyn SolarWorks, you’ll receive access to our 24/7 monitoring system which allows you to track your system’s output and determine if there are any issues. And we’ll do the same – our team actively monitors our entire fleet of solar installations should any issues arise. 

Want to learn more about our customer service and system monitoring? Schedule a free consultation today.

Can you extend the life of your solar panels?

While there’s no real way to improve the technological efficiency of your panels after they’re installed, the best way to ensure long-term performance and ROI is to invest in high quality panels that are installed with care from the get-go. If you choose a reputable solar provider, you’ll most likely have little to no issues for the lifetime of your solar panels.

What happens to your solar panels after 30 years?

When solar panels reach the end of their energy-producing lifetime – whether that’s year 25, 30 or 40 – they’re still valuable. Solar panels can be broken down and recycled to create new panels, solar batteries, or other electronics. 

Maintaining Your Solar Panels in NYC

Overall, solar is a reliable, long-lasting form of energy that requires very little maintenance. Even considering the reality of solar degradation, it’s still an excellent investment for your home and the environment. Once your panels are installed, you’re looking at decades of clean energy to come. 

Brooklyn SolarWorks has been NYC’s trusted solar provider since 2015. We want to help you make the switch to clean energy! Get in touch today.

Are you considering solar, but have some concerns about how your system will hold up in the winter or during a hurricane? If you are, you’re not alone. Here in NYC, we experience a broad range of weather throughout the year, and it’s an important factor to consider.

It’s normal to have some reservations about investing in solar if you’re unaware about how solar panels perform and tolerate seasonal changes in weather. The bottom line is that solar is for all seasons! 

We’re here to answer all of your questions about seasonal solar panel performance.

How do seasonal changes impact solar panel performance?

The changes of the seasons will no doubt impact solar panel performance, but not as drastically as you may think! The thought of seasonal variations in weather shouldn’t stop you from making the investment. Solar is an energy source for all seasons, regardless of the weather.

But when there are less daylight hours and more inclement weather in the winter, you may see slight downticks in energy production, and therefore slightly higher Con Ed bills

Plus, you’ll have to consider your energy consumption throughout the year as well. For example, you may have more visitors at your home in the fall or winter months due to the holidays than you do in the middle of summer. What this means is that you may not rack up as many net metering credits on your Con Ed bills, depending on how much people are using your electricity around these particular seasons.

This means it’s best to be more conscious of how much energy you’ll offset when it comes to seasons where there are shorter days (less sunlight) and more household members.

New York City solar panel owner's net metering summary on Con Edison bill showing seasonal solar panel performance
Here’s a local solar owner’s recent net metering summary. As you can see, this customer banked enough net metering credits throughout the year to cover all of their energy needs, except for the months of December and January.

What are the best months for solar production in NYC?

Needless to say, solar works best when there’s sunshine! So it follows that the best seasons for energy production are the spring and summer. These seasons are the best time for solar because there will be longer days and more sun for your panels to pick up direct sunlight.

Weather that Impacts Solar in the Fall and Winter Months 

Does cold weather impact solar performance? 

It’s a commonly held solar myth that solar panel systems only work in hot weather, where the sun is shining longer due to longer days. But this is a misconception: solar panels absorb sunlight to generate electricity, not heat from the sun. So even on a 30 degree day in the middle of February, your panels will still be producing energy. 

Fun fact: there’s a possibility that solar panels actually work better in colder months

Thanks to chemistry, electrons rest in cooler temperatures (low energy) and are activated by increasing sunlight (high energy). This causes better production of solar power due to the electron absorbing the energy and moving it to a higher energy state. 

How does heavy snow impact solar energy production? 

Heavy snow can reduce the amount of direct sunlight hitting the solar cells, but it does not drastically reduce solar power generation. A five-year study shows that snowfall only results in a 3% energy loss for solar panels, this means that snow and ice do not typically impact performance. 

This also means that solar panel maintenance does not include removing snow and ice. Your panels will be angled to allow snow to melt or drift off naturally.

Do solar panels work if they’re covered in ice? 

The chances of production problems arising from ice due to freezing temperatures are slim. Since ice is transparent, sunrays will simply go through them to reach your solar cells. 

Fortunately, solar panels are typically installed at an angle toward the sun. This means the ice will simply slide off the panels as it melts, preventing any damage. For this reason, residential solar panels do not need extensive maintenance from ice or snow. 
Want to learn more about how winter weather could affect your solar panels? We’re here to help. Get in touch with us!

Weather that Impacts Solar in the Spring and Summer Months

Does humidity affect the performance of solar panels?

Humidity can affect the performance of solar panels. It’s a common misconception that the hotter the weather is outside, the better the performance of your solar panels will be. Although all solar panels are created to produce energy, not all solar panels work the same under humid conditions. 

All solar panels come with rated output specifications, which are dependent on certain temperatures. Solar panel output specifications help you understand how your solar panels should work under normal conditions and how they will function under abnormal weather conditions.

Depending on the panel, location, and typical climate, high temperatures can reduce solar panel efficiency by 10-25%. For this reason, it’s important to work with a solar installer who uses high quality solar panels – REC is Brooklyn SolarWorks’s go-to provider.

How does rain impact solar performance?

Rain does not impact solar performance. Your solar panels will continue to produce, even on rainy days. 

However, if you live in an area where frequent rain or hurricanes occur, you should invest in a solar battery to store your power and provide energy security to you if there’s an outage. Batteries are also helpful if you’re experiencing low production on a day where the clouds are very dense. 

Unfortunately, however, installing residential batteries in NYC is currently not possible due to FDNY policy. But when that policy changes, Brooklyn SolarWorks can retrofit all systems to accommodate batteries.

What happens if my solar panels get struck by lightning?

If there’s a thunderstorm, there is a very, very small chance that your solar panels could get struck by lightning – about the same odds as anything outdoors getting struck by lightning. In the very rare case that this happens, your system could experience some damage to its electrical components, such as its inverter.

If any part of your system has been damaged or is malfunctioning, we urge you to call your installer for help with repairs and resolving the issue. In rare cases like this, it’s important to work with an installer who provides a comprehensive warranty package. 

At Brooklyn SolarWorks, we provide a 30 year umbrella warranty that covers all parts of your solar PV system. In the event that your system is damaged, we’ll be sure to repair it as soon as possible. 

To learn more about our warranty options and commitment to customer satisfaction, contact us!

Do solar panels hold up in strong winds? 

This is one of the most frequently asked questions when it comes to investing in a solar PV system here in New York City, as our hurricane season can be intense. But rest assured, the idea that your solar panels will fly away in strong winds is one of the most common misconceptions out there. 

When you work with a quality solar installer, you’re investing in a system that will hold up against hurricane-strength winds. Here at Brooklyn SolarWorks, our team ensures maximum stability by bolting the system to the roof’s underlying rafters using watertight connections called OMG. Our Solar Canopy can has been tested extensively and proven to withstand a load of 48,000 pounds. This is equivalent to winds speeds of over 120 mph, and far exceeds the city’s wind requirements.

The Brooklyn Solar Canopy was designed to secure solar panels on a flat roof even in harsh weather.
Our Brooklyn Solar Canopy undergoing a load test, in which it was proven to hold 48,000 pounds.

How do cloudy days impact solar energy?

Cloudy days will not be a great hindrance to your solar production. Sunbeams still reach the earth regardless of how cloudy the sky is, but the more dense these clouds are, the less energy your system will produce. Though production may decrease slightly, no need to worry – you’ll still have access to power even with some cloud cover overhead. 

Contrary to belief, there may be times where clouds increase solar production. On cloudy days, there may be brief moments when a phenomenon called “edge-of-cloud” happens. This is when clouds pass by the sun and their edges magnify sunlight which in turn causes intensified sunbeams to reach your solar panels.

Other Factors that Impact Solar Panel Efficiency

Angle of the Sun

The angle and direction in which your solar panels are installed are a huge factor in solar panel performance. For most of the United States, it’s best for panels to be at an angle of 30 to 45 degrees facing south. This is because we’re in the Northern Hemisphere, where the sun is always at the southern half of the sky; therefore, this is where you would receive direct sunlight. 

Time of Day

The time of day also plays a factor in when you’ll get the best production out of your solar system. But with that, we need to consider that these optimal times change with the seasons. For example, in the summer, we experience longer days and more sunlight compared to the fall and winter. 

When it comes to measuring the best time for solar, there’s a term called, “peak sun hour.” The peak sun hour is one hour where the sunlight reaches an average of 1,000 watts of energy per square meter. This is a lot of sunlight!

You’re most likely to receive this amount of sunlight only if your panels are directly facing the sun at its strongest, so the number of peak hours varies depending on the location and time of year. In New York, we see an average of 3 to 3.5 peak sun hours per day.


Temperature can play a role in seasonal solar panel performance, specifically higher temperatures. All solar panels are manufactured with output specifications that determine efficiency in hotter weather conditions; at a certain point, panel efficiency begins to diminish with heat. So if it’s very hot one July day, you might see a slight downtick in energy production. However, this typically balances out considering the longer daylight hours in the summer.

On the other hand, cold temperatures do not negatively affect solar production – in fact, colder climates can be better for efficiency. Any decreases in production throughout the winter will mainly be due to shorter days and snow.

Solar Energy is for All Seasons

Although seasonal variations in weather can cause changes to your solar production throughout the year, it’s a reliable energy source for your home in all seasons. 

While it might seem like there’s a lot to think about when investing in flat roof solar, we assure you that we’re here to make the process as seamless as possible and take all the proper precautions when installing solar for your home. All you have to do is sit back, relax, and enjoy the savings!

If you’re considering going solar and want to know about how our systems operate throughout the seasons, we’d love to hear from you. Schedule a free consultation with us today!

Are you a solar owner with a quick question about solar panel maintenance? Are you considering installing solar panels on your home and wondering what kind of maintenance is involved? This guide is for you!

When you go solar with Brooklyn SolarWorks, our team will be there to answer any questions you may have and provide personalized guidance in taking care of your system. Continue reading to learn about the components of a solar system and why solar panel maintenance is a breeze.

Do residential solar panels need to be maintained?

If you’re considering solar, you may be wondering what kind of maintenance you’ll need to think about in the future. Good news! Maintaining a solar PV system requires very little effort. 

Because there are no moving parts to a solar energy system, there’s not much that you actively need to keep an eye on. Cleaning your solar panels is not required either, because they’re angled in such a way that Mother Nature can typically take care of any build up of dirt or debris.

The most common issues we come across have to do with the system’s WiFi connection, which can happen if you change your network settings and is a simple fix.

All in all, solar is a very low maintenance energy source for your home. But rest assured: if any issues or questions arise, we’ve got you covered. Get in touch with us to get started with solar.

Can I tell when my solar system needs maintenance?

Every solar system has an inverter, which we consider the “brains” of the operation. It has two important jobs: one, it converts the DC electricity generated by your solar panels into AC electricity used by your home and the utility grid. Two, it monitors the health of your solar array and stores performance data.

When it comes to solar panel maintenance, the inverter is key. It’ll be connected to your home’s WiFi, which enables the transmission of production data to our monitoring team and alerts us if anything is wrong.

The inverter is typically mounted in your basement near the main electrical service. It can also be placed on your roof attached to the solar array. It has LEDs and a display in the bottom right corner which provide a snapshot of its operating status.

An SMA SunnyBoy inverter located in a solar customer's basement.
Inverters are mounted in the basement (pictured here) or can be located on your roof attached to your solar array.

Inverter Display

While in normal operation, the display shows the current power output and total lifetime energy production of the inverter.

Inverter Lights

The green light indicates the current power production status of your solar panel system. It pulses slowly or quickly depending on how much energy it’s creating. 

The center red light is the error light and only illuminates if there’s a problem. The display will also show an error code and time stamp when the error occurred. All errors are automatically reported to our team within 24 hours.

The blue light is the communication light. If your inverter is connected to a WiFi network or hardwired with an ethernet cable, it will be solid blue. If it loses connection, the light will turn off.

An SMA SunnyBoy inverter displays solar system information.
The display of your inverter looks something like this.

How to Turn Off and Reboot Your Solar System

Over the lifetime of your system, you may come across times when you’ll need to turn off or reboot your system, like if you have an electrician working in your home for example. 

How do I turn my system off?

In the rare case that you need to turn your solar system off altogether, follow these steps:

  1. Turn off the DC disconnect. This is a black dial on the left side of your inverter (below). 
  2. Turn off the AC disconnect. (Pictured below.) This will be either a circuit breaker in your main electrical panel, or a switch located outside your electric panel – it’ll be labeled as such. 

After turning off the inverter, allow at least one minute for the inverter to fully discharge before rebooting. If an electrician has turned your system off, please make sure they remember to reactivate your system before leaving.

How do I reboot my system?

To reboot your solar system, turn both the DC and AC switches back on. Either order is fine, but turning on the AC connection first will allow the inverter to resume operation more quickly. The inverter will take up to 5 minutes to fully reboot and reconnect to WiFi/cell networks. It may take another 5 minutes to begin making power.

How can I monitor the health of my solar panels?

After your inverter is connected to your WiFi network, we’ll register it in an online monitoring platform called Sunny Portal. Sunny Portal allows you to track the performance of your solar array.

Check Your Inverter Data

Checking data collected by Sunny Portal is a great way to monitor the health and performance of your solar system. 

Information provided by Sunny Portal includes but is not limited to: 

  • Real-time output of your solar system
  • Total energy output
  • Approximate CO2  emissions avoided for the current day and lifetime of the system
  • Basic information on system equipment

Additionally, our team actively monitors the performance of our entire fleet of solar systems against guaranteed output levels and receives automatic notifications should any errors occur.

Sunny Portal allows customers to manage their solar systems.
SMA’s online portal allows BSW and our customers to track solar system performance and be alerted should irregularities occur.

How do I maintain my solar panels?

Your solar panels are very low maintenance. They have no moving parts or electronics, and are therefore long-lasting, requiring no regular inspection or maintenance.

Solar panel cleaning is not required. Your solar array is angled to allow rain water to run off naturally, taking with it any dust, pollen, or other debris. If you do choose to clean your panels, however, avoid harsh detergents and metal or hard plastic brushes that could scratch the glass.

You don’t need to worry about removing snow either, as the power lost during snowstorms is extremely small. Snow will drift or melt off your panels naturally. Not to mention, it can be dangerous climbing up to a snowy, icy rooftop. 

Suffice to say, solar panel maintenance is a piece of cake!

How does NYC’s extreme weather impact my solar panels?

One of the most common solar myths out there is that solar panels won’t fare well in bad weather. In any given year in New York City, we can expect a range of weather conditions, from heatwaves, to hurricanes, to blizzards. 

When it comes to solar, we prepare for this. The solar panel providers we use, typically LG or REC, thoroughly test their panels against a broad range of extreme weather before going to market. LG and REC are industry leaders, manufacturing solar panels that are built to last.

Brooklyn SolarWorks’s systems have also undergone extensive testing: our canopy system can hold around 48,000 pounds. This means it can withstand a blizzard’s worth of snow and over 120 mph winds — exceeding the city’s wind requirements. (For reference, when Hurricane Sandy made landfall in New Jersey, the highest recorded wind speed was 80 mph.)

Systems we installed back in 2016 are still up and running, despite being exposed to multiple hurricanes and snowstorms over the years. When you go solar, it’s important to choose an installer that uses high-quality solar panels and sound installation methods to ensure stability overtime.

The Brooklyn Solar Canopy was designed to secure solar panels on a flat roof even in harsh weather.
Our Brooklyn Solar Canopy undergoing a load test, which proved it can hold 48,000 pounds.

Is there a standard warranty for solar panels?

Solar panel warranties can vary depending on the manufacturer, but most provide a standard warranty of 10 to 20 years. Typically, there are two components to a solar panel warranty: product and performance. The product warranty covers the equipment itself, while the performance warranty guarantees a certain power output over a set period of time. The specifics of each component vary depending on the provider.

REC, one of our trusted solar panel providers, offers a 20-25 year product warranty as well as a guarantee that their panels will perform at a minimum 92% efficiency after 25 years.

Additionally, a good solar installer should provide their own warranties. When you go solar with Brooklyn SolarWorks, you’ll be covered by a 30 year umbrella warranty, covering all aspects of the installation:

  • 25 year panel warranty
  • 10 year workmanship warranty for all materials and services performed
  • 30 year inverter warranty

We also offer our customers 24/7 real-time system monitoring, as well as a Power Production Guarantee. We guarantee that your system will perform as projected during its first 10 years; if not, we’ll provide cash compensation for the loss in savings. 

When you go solar with us, we’ve got your back. Schedule your free consultation today.

How to Replace and Repair Your Solar Panels

If your panels were installed properly, it’s unlikely that you’ll have to worry about repair or replacement. But things can happen – this is why it’s important to choose a trusted installer that provides warranties for their equipment and service. 

In the rare case that your solar panels need to be replaced or repaired, it’s best to get in touch with the company that installed them because they’ll be able to determine the best course of action for your system and your roof. If your system was installed by us, we’ll get a crew out to assess the issue and make repairs as soon as we can.

Overall, Solar Requires Very Little Maintenance 

When you invest in solar energy, you’re investing in a low maintenance, long-lasting energy source that’s actively reducing your carbon footprint. Overall, solar panel maintenance is a total breeze. But in the case that any issues arise, it’s important to know the basics of how your system operates and how to handle it.

If questions about solar panel maintenance are top of mind for you, it’s best to work with a trusted installer who uses high quality panels and installation methods. If you’re a homeowner in New York City, we’d love to help you switch to clean energy. Schedule a free consultation today!

In 2015, Brooklyn SolarWorks landed in Gowanus with a mission to bring affordable flat roof solar to local homeowners. We’ve overcome barriers to develop industry-leading approaches to permitting, design, and installation that are specifically adapted to New York City. 

Along the way, we’ve discovered a lot about what makes NYC an outstanding place to go solar. Here are some fundamentals that sustainably-minded homeowners exploring flat roof solar in the city should know.

Background of Flat Roof Solar in NYC

For many years, solar contractors in the area embraced installation methods and system designs that were developed for the suburban home, making the unique features of the urban environment a poor fit for conventional business models.

Unlike suburban homes, flat roofed homes here are often closely surrounded by, or attached to, other homes and commercial buildings. They also often have obstructions like skylights, hatches, HVAC equipment, and required FDNY fire paths. These characteristics were traditionally seen as major barriers to installing solar. As a result, NYC was stuck in solar limbo while its suburbs saw some of the highest solar adoptions rates in the country. 

Flat roof homes in Brooklyn.
The housing stock of New York City’s residential neighborhoods differs greatly from suburban environments.

On one hand, there has been huge demand in the city due to sky high electricity rates and growing climate consciousness among locals. But on the other hand, the growth of solar here was stunted by challenging features of flat roof buildings, restrictive building and fire codes, and the City’s notoriously complex permitting bureaucracy.

Fortunately, we came on the scene in 2015 with the mission to change that!

To this day, some companies still claim that installing solar panels on flat roofs in New York City is impossible. But the truth is, installing solar on flat rooftops just requires different design considerations and installation methods than installing on pitched and sloped roofs. And while it is true that the City’s building and fire codes can be prohibitive, they’re not at all impossible! Plus, flat roof solar provides the same value – if not more – than solar on any other rooftop.

How to Know if Your Home is Compatible

Many of our customers have been told by other installers that their flat roof is not suitable for a residential solar installation. If you’ve heard this too, you’ve come to the right place. 

Solar system design for flat roof buildings – particularly on 100+ year old brownstones – is our core expertise. It is very rare that a flat roofed home in the city is not able to go solar, though there are certain criteria that your roof should meet in order for solar to make sense. Factors such as roof structure, workable roof area, and shading come into play. But in order to know for sure, you’ll need to have your roof surveyed by a certified solar professional. (We offer free assessments for this!)

Want to know if your home is compatible with solar? Schedule a Free Consultation

Many Brooklyn neighborhoods have high concentrations of landmarked and historic homes. If you own one of these homes, you likely already know that New York City has some of the most stringent historic preservation rules anywhere. Many of our customers logically assume that adding a space-age technology to a historic home with landmark designation won’t go over well with the city. But as long as the solar panels are concealed from view from the street, flat roof solar is permitted. In fact, around 30% of Brooklyn SolarWorks projects are on landmarked homes.

Solar Design Options for Flat Roofs

Installing solar on flat roofs – especially those with obstructions like hatches, skylights, and required FDNY fire paths – requires a bit more creativity than other solar models. We pioneered two unique solar panel racking solutions for flat roofs, allowing us to provide customized solar panel systems for so-called challenging roofs that other companies won’t touch.

Our most famous innovation for flat roof installations is our award-winning Brooklyn Solar Canopy. Canopies elevate solar panels above roof obstructions and required fire paths, while also creating space for roof decks, green roofs and other amenities. It’s so popular that we now distribute our solar canopy to other installers all over the country through a separate company, Brooklyn Solar Canopy Co.

If a solar canopy is not your style, we’ve also mastered the art of maximizing solar with limited space through our tilt rack option. Tilt racks can be installed closer to the roof surface and allow the solar array to be split into sections, avoiding any obstructions. Tilt racks are great for landmarked homes, whose solar installations need to be invisible from street level.

Learn more about your solar options: How Residential Solar Works in NYC

How Do I Start the Process of Going Solar?

Get in touch with your local solar company to get started. (If you’re in NYC, our phone lines are always open!)

Our process involves an initial discussion with a member of our team to get to know your home and roof situation. Then, you’ll have an appointment with one of our solar experts, who will assess your roof and talk about what solar could look like for your home. From there, our team will create a custom solar proposal for you.

Once you decide to move forward with your project, you can sit back and relax. There are a lot of steps involved with going solar in NYC, as construction projects here involve complex permitting and take time to complete. But it’s the solar installer’s job to complete these steps – not the homeowner’s.  

Solar is a turn-key business, meaning it’s on the installer to manage all permits and permissions on behalf of the customer with the city, Con Edison, and all other entities. Because of the time it takes to permit a project, the installation process takes about 3-4 months to complete from contract signing. During that time, the customer is required to do almost nothing until the day of the installation.

Solar Panel Installation Cost

The cost of a solar panel installation in NYC can vary depending on a number of factors, and it’s not as straightforward as it may be in other areas of the country (even Long Island or New Jersey!).

Making solar work on homes in the City is a science, and there’s no one-size-fits-all solution. Unfortunately, many installers in the area lack the specialization required to give an accurate estimate for flat roof solar upfront. And looking into solar panel pricing in any other area of the country won’t give you the best idea of what your finances will look like for solar here – not only because pricing is more variable in the city, but also because we are one of the most incentivized solar markets in the country.

NY solar incentives can cover around 70 percent of the total cost of your solar power system come tax season. But for that remaining 30 percent, the way you pay is up to you. There are different payment options available – you may choose to pay in cash up front, or finance it over time with a low-cost solar loan.

Want to know which incentives you qualify for? View Incentives

When considering the cost of a solar installation, it’s important to remember that it’s an investment akin to any other home improvement project. Solar’s been proven to raise the value of homes in NYC, and savings from avoiding electric bills can exceed $35,000 overtime.

Solar Output and Power Generated on a Flat Roof

You may have heard that solar panels on a flat roof won’t produce well due to the lack of angle toward the sun or shade from neighboring buildings or trees. The truth is that there aren’t any inherent disadvantages to flat roof solar as compared to a pitched or slanted roof system.

While there may be different design considerations and equipment needed, these things don’t affect the quality of the system or energy production. But because flat roof systems require specialized designs, it’s a good idea to choose an installer that knows how to maximize solar performance on these types of roofs. 

Flat roofs are our specialty! Get Started

Many of our customers report that they haven’t paid Con Ed ever since their system was installed. Many of the flat roof systems we install cover all, if not more, of our customers’ energy needs.

How to Choose the Right Solar Installer

Like any major home improvement project, it’s important to choose the right company to work with. You want a contractor that creates a high-quality product while making the process seem like a breeze. 

When it comes to flat roof solar installations in NYC, it’s imperative that you choose an installer that understands how to work in lockstep with the city’s complex building codes and permitting processes so that you get the best solar system possible. 

We’ve built our business from top to bottom to do all of these things for each and every customer of ours – contact us today!

Your Savings When You Go Solar

Utility rates in NYC are some of the highest in the country – and the cost of electricity is on the rise. As a solar owner, you’ll remain connected to the grid. But thankfully, Con Edison awards retail credits for the excess solar power your system exports to the grid through a program called net metering. This means that the solar energy your system produces translates to savings on your monthly electric bill. 

Plus: solar energy becomes more valuable over time as electric rates increase, meaning your savings will grow. Going solar reduces the cost per kilowatt hour of electricity to pennies, and the savings from avoiding utility rate increases typically exceeds $35,000 over time.

Local and Federal Solar Incentives

Having super high electricity rates like we do in NYC is usually enough to make solar a worthwhile investment. But living in New York means homeowners can take advantage of several state, city, and federal tax credits that can offset up to 70% of your out-of-pocket costs. This makes for fast payback times and super attractive ROI. 

Solar tax credits available to NYC homeowners
Thanks to the solar tax incentives and rebates available in NYC, homeowners can get up to 70% of their solar installation costs covered.

NYC homeowners can take advantage of the following incentives to help cover the cost of their solar installations:

Check out our list of different NY solar incentives to see what your project may qualify for.

Solar Panels and the Resale Value of Your Home

According to an April 2019 study by Zillow.com solar homes sell on average at 4.1% higher than comparable homes without solar. The study also found that the solar boost was higher in the NYC metro area than the national average, topping out at 5.4%. That’s an extra $23,989 in value for solar homeowners in the five boroughs. The study corroborated similar findings of an early report funded by the U.S. Department of Energy.

Solar Warranty and Maintenance

All Brooklyn SolarWorks solar systems come with an industry-leading 30-year warranty that covers all aspects of the system including the panels and inverter. Additionally, we guarantee your solar production – if your system fails to perform as expected, we’ll provide cash compensation to cover the loss in savings.

Many folks are surprised to find out that solar panels require little to no maintenance. Because there are no moving parts to a solar array, there is not much to actively keep an eye on. You’re not required to clean your solar panels, as your solar array will be angled to allow rain water to run off naturally, taking with it any build up. However, if you do choose to clean your panels, avoid harsh detergents and metal or hard plastic brushes that could scratch the glass.

You don’t need to worry about removing snow either, as the power lost during snowstorms is extremely small. Not to mention, it can be dangerous climbing up to a snowy, icy rooftop. Snow will melt or drift off the system naturally.

There’s not much you’ll need to do for solar panel maintenance. Essentially, once your panels are installed on your roof, you can just sit back, relax, and enjoy the savings!

Costumer logged into Sunny Portal to monitor solar performance.
Monitoring your solar performance with Sunny Portal can help you understand how well your system performs.

Monitoring Your Solar Energy

Brooklyn SolarWorks provides 24/7 system monitoring as part of our warranty package. When you become a customer of ours, we won’t leave you high and dry. Our team actively monitors our entire fleet of solar systems on a regular basis, and are alerted in case of any irregularities in system functionality.

You’ll be able to monitor your solar panel system as well. When your system is connected to your WiFi on installation day, it’ll get registered in Sunny Portal. Once your Sunny Portal account is set up, it allows you to track your solar production through metrics like real-time output, total energy output, and CO2 emissions avoided.

Get Started with the Local Experts Today!

If you own a home in New York City, switching to solar energy is one of the best ways to make an impact on climate change. Going solar means reducing your carbon footprint and your electric bill.

If you’re looking to install solar on your flat roofed home, trust an expert. Brooklyn SolarWorks has been designing and building flat roof solar systems in NYC since 2015, with over 1,000 complete projects. 

Ready to get started? Schedule Your Free Consultation
nyc homeowners guide to flat roof solar free download

Solar energy is important in facilitating a clean energy future, which is imperative in the fight against climate change. But the use of solar energy has benefits that extend beyond environmental impact. From health to economics, solar has the capacity to change the lives of New Yorkers for the better.

The Growth of Solar Energy in NYC

The very first solar system was installed on a rooftop right here in New York City way back in 1884. But for a long time, unfortunately, solar companies avoided installing solar in urban environments due to its complexities. Conventional solar models were made for the suburban, pitched roof home, unlike many homes here in the city. 

Brooklyn SolarWorks was founded to change that. While our installations today look a little different than back in 1884, NYC is quickly becoming a solarized city. We’ve developed custom solar system design methods specifically for flat roofed brownstones and townhouses in NYC, while also figuring out how to navigate NYC’s complex permitting process. As a result, we’ve had the opportunity to contribute to the growth of solar in NYC with over 1,500 solar installations.

How is solar energy obtained?

The sun’s energy can be obtained and converted using a variety of solar technologies, creating electricity for home use, thermal energy for solar heating, or other purposes. 

In a home solar system setup, energy from the sun is harnessed using the technology of photovoltaic (PV) panels. When sunlight shines on a solar PV panel during the day, the energy is absorbed by solar cells and converted into DC electricity. When the current flows through an inverter, it is converted into AC electricity which is usable in your home.

Want to know how solar could work for your NYC home? Get in touch with us.

6 Reasons Why Solar Energy is Important in NYC

1. It’s Good for the Environment

It’s no secret that one of the most important things about solar power is that it’s a clean, renewable energy source. To mitigate the effects of the climate crisis, we need to transition to alternative energy sources that don’t emit greenhouse gasses – especially in our buildings. A recent study found that the buildings here in NYC are responsible for 70% of our total emissions

Solar is one of the best renewable energy options available, particularly for individual households and buildings.

2. It Reduces Energy Costs

Another important feature of solar energy is that it’s cost-effective. Rather than purchasing natural gas and electricity powered by fossil fuels from the utility grid, solar PV systems allow you to convert the sun’s energy into electricity right in your own home. Through a program called net metering, you’ll receive retail energy credits on your electric bills from Con Edison for all of the excess energy your system produces and exports to the grid.

Powering your home with solar means you can say goodbye to the volatility of the fossil fuel market and unexpected utility rate hikes – something us New Yorkers are all too well aware of. Solar panels provide a free, renewable energy source that lasts for decades. 

Plus, by electrifying your home with all-electric appliances (air source heat pumps, electric hot water heaters, or induction cooktops) after going solar, the cost savings become even more valuable – and your dependence on fossil fuels decreases even further.

3. It Provides Health Benefits

When it comes to energy sources, “clean” doesn’t just mean good for the environment. Transitioning to clean energy is a necessity for our health. The burning of fossil fuels produces harmful greenhouse gases like carbon dioxide, sulfur dioxide, methane, and nitrogen oxides. In fact, a study by Stanford University found that gas stoves leak methane into homes even when they’re not in use. 

These gases are linked to various problems, like premature deaths, heart attacks, asthma, and other cardiovascular and respiratory issues. This is on top of the health effects of weather events exasperated by climate change, like extreme storms and even allergy season.

New York City is particularly vulnerable to these impacts. As of 2017, New York had the highest rate of premature deaths and health impacts due to fuel combustion pollution, with NYC being responsible for a significant portion. And not all New Yorkers experience these effects the same way – lower income communities and communities of color are more likely to be negatively impacted. 

With our buildings being the top greenhouse gas emissions source, it’s imperative that we transition them to clean energy sources like solar.

4. It Promotes Energy Independence

Producing your own energy at home means reducing your dependence on electricity coming from the power grid, which promotes energy independence on an individual level. Rooftop solar energy systems give home and building owners the ability to produce their own power, which reduces energy costs and provides a greater sense of security.

This applies on a national level, too. Transitioning to solar and wind energy on a large scale would reduce the United States’s dependence on imports of foreign fossil fuels, which would provide greater economic and political stability.

5. It Provides Financial Incentives

Solar energy provides financial benefits in addition to energy cost savings. Solar installation is heavily incentivized by the government on the federal, state and local levels. This means that not only will you see cost savings in the long run, but you’ll also see savings on the initial investment of your solar installation. 

The tax incentives available to New Yorkers specifically make our city one of the best places in the country to go solar. Through a federal income tax credit, state solar tax credit, a state rebate, a local property tax abatement, and other incentives, a New York City homeowner can see their upfront contract price reduced by around 70 percent. 

Additionally, a study released by Zillow.com in 2019 determined that across the country, homes with solar panels see a significant boost in value, averaging a 4.1% premium. But the increase in property value for homes with solar in the New York City metropolitan area was even greater, topping out at 5.4%. This translates to a premium of almost $24,000.

Want to learn more about what incentives your solar installation could qualify for? Chat with us today.

6. It Creates Jobs

Solar is important for the economy of New York. The solar industry here has experienced incredible growth over the past decade, and it’s only continuing to grow. 

New York was the 8th largest state solar industry in 2021, employing 10,214 people across 645 companies. The state has over 3,380 MW of solar installed currently, and is projected to install an additional 4,877 MW over the next 5 years. In fact, Governor Hochul announced that as of March 2022, New York is the largest community solar market in the country with more than 1 gigawatt installed – enough to power 200,000 homes.

The growth of the solar industry means overall economic growth for the city and state. Green jobs are the way of the future for NYC.

The Power of Solar Energy in NYC

Solar is important for countless reasons. Whether environmental, economic, or health-related, the importance of solar energy in NYC cannot be understated. New York City is leading the charge when it comes to the clean energy transition with the goal of achieving carbon neutrality by 2050. 

Realizing this goal means installing solar panels on buildings big and small across the city, from the Javits Center to your single family brownstone. And installing solar means job creation, greater cost efficiency, and protecting the health of our neighbors and the earth.

Get Started with Solar Energy Today

If you’re considering solar for your NYC home, trust an expert. Brooklyn SolarWorks has been custom designing solar systems for NYC roofs and expertly navigating the city’s complex permitting process since 2015. 

Join over 1,500 of your neighbors and flip the switch to solar today! Schedule a free consultation now.

Solar energy provides a lot of benefits to New Yorkers – environmental, financial, and otherwise. But like any kind of investment, there are both pros and cons of solar energy. Installing a rooftop solar system is an investment akin to any other home improvement project, and it’s important to make an informed decision. 

In this article, we’ll break down the top advantages and disadvantages of switching to solar energy in NYC.

Background of Solar Power in NYC

For many years, New York City was stuck in limbo when it came to solar. On one hand, there are over a million rooftops primed and ready to soak up the sun. But on the other hand, the conventional solar business model was developed with suburban homes in mind – those with roofs that are pitched and free of obstructions. 

That’s where Brooklyn SolarWorks came in: our mission was to make solar possible on the flat, obstructed, and even shaded rooftops of NYC. With two solar racking options at our disposal – the tilt rack and the Brooklyn Solar Canopy – we’re bringing solar to the flat roofed buildings of our city.

Solar Panel Installation on Flat-Roofed Brownstone Homes

In addition to skyscrapers, New York City is known for its iconic brownstones, townhouses, and rowhouses. These homes are our strength – we got our start making solar appealing and accessible for the city’s residential neighborhoods. 

A typical solar installation in NYC is relatively simple, requiring only a day to complete with minimal interruption to a homeowner’s routine.

NYC Solar Energy Advantages and Disadvantages

Advantages Disadvantages
Clean Energy Reduces Your Carbon Footprint Can Be a Large Initial Investment
Solar Decreases Your Electric Bill from Con Edison Permitting Takes a While in NYC
Rich Solar Tax Incentives Are Available to New Yorkers Aesthetic Concerns
Solar Panels Increase NYC Property Value Solar Battery Storage is Unavailable in NYC
Solar Systems Last for Decades with Little Maintenance Some Roofs in NYC Aren’t Ideal

What are the top 5 advantages of solar energy?

One of the main advantages of solar energy is that is greatly reduces your personal carbon footprint. But there are plenty of other reasons to install home solar too, including excellent financial benefits. We’ve outlined them below.

1. Clean Energy Reduces Your Carbon Footprint

Needless to say, the most important benefit of solar energy is its environmental impact. Solar power is generated by capturing the sun’s energy, making it completely clean. Rather than burning fossil fuels and producing greenhouse gas emissions, you can power your home through a clean alternative. This is better for the planet and for the safety of your family, too.

New York City has some of the most ambitious carbon neutrality goals in the country. By switching to solar, your household’s carbon footprint will be reduced drastically and you’ll be doing your part in the fight against climate change.

2. Solar Decreases Your Electricity Bills from Con Edison

If you’ve been hit with sticker shock upon receiving your Con Edison bill, you’re not alone. As New Yorkers, increasing energy costs have been an unfortunate part of life for us for years. But this doesn’t have to be the case! Producing your own electricity via solar panels means greater energy independence because you’ll be reducing your dependence on natural gas and electricity coming from the power grid. 

Through a program called net metering, your energy bill can be reduced or even eliminated with solar. Your solar system will likely produce more energy than your home needs. The excess energy your system produces is exported into the grid, and Con Edison compensates you for it with retail energy credits applied to your future electric bills. 

Plus: because the utility company values solar power at the retail rate, that means that as their electric rates rise, the value of your solar power will too.

3. Rich Solar Tax Incentives Are Available to New Yorkers

Going solar in New York City is more affordable than you think. NYC solar incentives are some of the best in the country. From federal and state income tax credits, to rebates, to property tax abatements, the incentives available can cover around 70 percent of the cost of your solar power system.

When you go solar with Brooklyn SolarWorks, we’ll make sure you get the savings your project qualifies for.

Learn More
brooklyn brownstones with solar panels
Solar energy technology is appealing to prospective homeowners in Brooklyn, boosting the value of already coveted real estate.

4. Solar Panels Increase NYC Property Value

A study released by Zillow.com in 2019 determined that across the United States, homes with solar panels see a significant boost in value, averaging a 4.1% premium. But the increase in property value for homes with solar in the New York City metropolitan area was even greater, topping out at 5.4%. This translates to a premium of almost $24,000.

The reason for this boost in value, according to Zillow, is the future electric savings that rooftop solar provides. Producing your own renewable energy through solar panels means having a free, reliable source of energy for decades. For those looking to buy a home, the initial solar premium is worth it because of the savings they’ll see down the road.

5. Solar Systems Last for Decades with Little Maintenance

Rooftop solar energy systems generally require little to no maintenance across their lifetimes. Solar systems are relatively simple with no moving parts. It’s not required that you clean your solar panels – they’re angled so that rainwater and debris can run off naturally. Solar panels are designed to withstand all forms of extreme weather, including heavy snow, hurricanes, and hail. Once your system is installed, it should be the least of your worries. 

In the rare case that there are issues with your solar system, Brooklyn SolarWorks provides 24/7 real-time monitoring and a 30 year total system warranty.

Want to learn more about our monitoring & warranty package? Schedule a Free Consultation

What are the 5 disadvantages of solar energy?

Although solar energy has many benefits, there are a few reasons you may hesitate to make the switch. We’ve noted these disadvantages (and their solutions) below.

1. Can Be a Large Initial Investment

Despite the tax incentives and cost savings, it’s no secret that purchasing a solar panel system carries a significant upfront price tag. Like any home improvement project, solar is an investment. In New York City, the contract price of a residential solar system can be around $35k on average.

Solution: Finance Your Solar System and Avoid Con Ed’s Rate Hikes

We understand that the initial cost of a solar system can seem like a lot. However, it’s an investment in your home that not only increases your property value, but also provides free electricity for decades and reduces your household’s carbon footprint. The savings from relying less on the grid and avoiding utility rate increases typically exceeds $50,000 over time.

Plus, there are a number of financing options available that give you the ability to swap out your monthly payment to Con Ed with a payment on your rooftop solar system. And when it comes time to file your taxes after going solar, you’ll see your contract price reduced by up to 70 percent.

Net meter summary con ed bill solar brooklyn
A solar owner’s Con Ed bill showing a year’s worth of net metering credits stored up.

2. Permitting Takes a While in NYC

As New Yorkers, we know all too well the reality of construction in the city. All construction projects here involve a complex permitting process which can take a while to complete. Depending on the building, like those in designated historic and landmarked districts, there may be extra steps involved too. 

When you sign on to go solar, don’t expect to have your system installed the next day. From contract signing, it can take two to three months for all of the permits to go through on a solar panel installation.

Solution: Work with an Expert in NYC Solar Permitting

Solar is a turn-key business, meaning it’s on the installer to handle all project permitting with various city entities. When it comes to the language of NYC building code and project permitting, the Brooklyn SolarWorks team is fluent. We’ve developed a mastery of city codes over the years. We know how to work with the DOB, Con Edison, NYC’s Landmarks Commission, and other entities to get a solar project permitted. 

When you go solar with us, you can rest assured that even if it takes a couple months, your solar installation will be approved by the city.

Learn more: Speak with a Specialist

3. Aesthetic Concerns

When it comes to home improvement projects, everyone has their own taste. Rooftop solar is no different – we respect that homeowners may have aesthetic concerns.

Solution: Custom Solar Designs to Fit Your Needs

We customize our solar system designs to fit our customers’ needs, aesthetic included.

Our canopy design is our pride and joy. It’s a patented, award-winning design that we created in collaboration with Situ Studio to make solar accessible on city rooftops. Many of our customers love it because it allows you to create a living space on your rooftop while still producing energy from sunlight. 

But canopies aren’t everyone’s cup of tea, and sometimes aren’t the best option for every roof anyway. Tilt racks, for example, are angled, closer to the roof surface, and can be installed so that the system is not visible from the street. If aesthetic concerns are at the top of your mind, no need to worry – we’ll work to make solar fit your vision for your home.

4. Solar Battery Storage is Unavailable in NYC

For many homeowners, having the ability to store the solar energy they produce in a battery is a top priority. Since solar batteries store energy at your home, they offer short-term backup power in the event that there’s an outage, providing homeowners with an extra level of energy security.  

Unfortunately, current FDNY fire code makes obtaining a permit to install solar batteries in residential buildings impossible. We’re hoping this will change in the near future.

Solution: Take Advantage of Net Metering and Retrofit Later On

Although we can’t install batteries now, all Brooklyn SolarWorks systems can be retrofitted to accommodate them once they’re allowed.

Plus, we consider net metering to be a virtual battery. Because your net meter tracks the energy your solar system exports to the grid and Con Edison credits you for it, you can still utilize your excess solar production at night, on rainy days, or during the winter months when the sun isn’t shining as bright.

5. Some Roofs in NYC Aren’t Ideal

Solar is not a one-size-fits-all solution. The truth is, some rooftops here in the city aren’t fit for solar. The urban environment can naturally shade or obstruct a roof. If your roof is too small, has too much shade, or experiences other environmental factors, solar may not make sense for you financially.

Solution: Have a Free Roof Analysis Done

The good news is that Brooklyn SolarWorks assesses each and every roof for free prior to proceeding with a solar installation. Customers are often told by other solar companies that their roofs are too small or have too many obstructions to make solar work. But because we survey each roof, we’ll be able to tell for sure whether or not solar makes sense. (In most cases, it does!)

brooklyn solarworks roof assessment
Brooklyn SolarWorks site surveyor assessing a roof for solar potential.

Reducing Your Carbon Footprint in New York

Even considering these potential disadvantages of solar power, it is still an excellent investment in your home and in the community. If you’re a homeowner in New York City, one of the best ways to reduce your carbon footprint is to switch to solar energy. With the buildings in our city creating the majority of our emissions, it’s important that we transition our power supply to renewable energy sources. 

Are you ready to flip the switch to solar? Talk with solar energy pros today: Schedule Your Free Consultation

start saving with residential solar

Solar Energy FAQ

What are the pros and cons of using solar energy for your home?

Some of the main pros of solar energy are that it’s great for the environment, it reduces electricity costs, it provides excellent tax incentives, and it has been proven to increase a home’s resale value. One of the main cons of solar is that the upfront cost can be prohibitive for some, though tax incentives and energy savings overtime can balance that out. Also, not every home is fit for solar panels, but it’s best to have a professional determine your roof’s viability.

Do solar panels increase your property taxes?

Solar panels increase your property value, and can actually reduce your New York City property taxes. The NYC Property Tax Abatement for solar allows NYC homeowners to claim 20% of solar energy system costs as a property tax abatement with the NYC Department of Finance. When you go solar, your property taxes are significantly reduced over a 4 year term.

Can you still have a high electric bill with solar panels?

In most cases, solar energy drastically reduces or eliminates an average home’s monthly electric bills. Many solar owners in New York City produce enough power to fully cover their family’s energy needs and then some.

Are there tax benefits for solar panels?

The federal government provides a 30% tax credit for installing home solar. On top of that, New York City has some of the best tax benefits for solar panels in the country on the state and city level. NYC homeowners can see their installation covered by up to 70% through tax incentives.

Is solar energy good for the environment?

Solar energy is great for the environment. It’s a renewable source of energy that reduces greenhouse gas emissions and air pollution. By switching your home’s power source to solar, you’ll greatly reduce your individual carbon footprint.

If you’ve been considering installing solar on your flat roof, you might have been wondering about how the condition of your existing roof could impact an installation. Many homeowners have concerns about whether they need to make repairs or get a new roof before installing solar power, but most of the information available is geared toward pitched roofs with shingles as opposed to our flat roofs in NYC. 

We want you to know that while these concerns are legitimate – it’s one of the first things we’ll look at, in fact – roof condition is typically not an obstacle to going solar on a flat roof. In the case that your roof needs repairs or replacement, you have options that do not prevent you from proceeding with your residential solar panel installation. Let’s dive into the details.

The Importance of a Quality Roof When Installing Solar Panels

Needless to say, your roof is the foundation of a flat roof solar installation. Naturally, having a stable foundation is of the utmost importance when installing solar panels – in fact, one of the first things we’ll evaluate before moving forward with your solar project is the condition of your roof. But in most cases, there are no issues that require roof replacement or repair before going solar. Our solar installations are lightweight, and do not require a rooftop to be reinforced. 

Every project we do is approved by a structural engineer, and the details we collect on site are used in their calculations. When we perform a site evaluation, there’s a few main things we check to ensure stability and optimal solar performance.

A Brooklyn SolarWorks crew evaluates a flat roof's condition and solar potential.
When our team performs a site evaluation, we’ll assess your roof’s condition and solar potential.

Your Flat Roof’s Age

When you contact us about solar, one of the first questions we’ll ask is how old your roof is. With that said, there is no true “ideal” age for a solar installation as every roof has a unique aging experience depending on wind exposure and weathering over time. We’ve installed solar systems on roofing membranes that are 15 years or older without issue. Because every roof is different, we’ll want to evaluate your specific roof to determine its current condition.

Damages to the Flat Roof Surface

Over the course of a roof’s lifetime, it will likely incur damages to its surface. When we evaluate your roof, we’ll keep an eye out for things like curled or corroded flashing, water damage or “ponding,” cracks in the surface, and broken seals. These are generally of little concern and can be repaired at any point before or after going solar.

Flat Roof Orientation and Layout

Another important quality we evaluate is a roof’s solar potential. When it comes to flat roofs, this is often dictated by the amount of shade casted by neighboring buildings and any obstructions on the roof’s surface. Because we have two different solar panel mounting options, both the solar canopy and tilt racks, we can typically work around obstructions and angle your panels for the maximum energy output.

Questions about solar potential on your flat roof? Contact us to speak with a solar specialist.

Why You Don’t Need a New Flat Roof Before Installing Solar Panels

It is generally not necessary to fully replace a flat roof before choosing to go solar. The damages we see most often with our customers’ roofs are minimal and can be repaired at any point, even after the installation.

In this way, flat roofs have an advantage over pitched roofs when it comes to solar. Flat roofs allow for easy maintenance after a solar installation, while solar panel removal is required for repairs on pitched roofs.

But, there are some exceptions. In the rare case that your flat roof has more serious deterioration – an area is sunken in, there are recurring leaks, the surface feels uneven or unstable – we would always advise you to do what is necessary for the health of your roof before offering a solar installation. Though these issues are not common, the condition of your roof comes first. We would not move forward with an installation of solar panels if we believe your roof to be unstable.

What options are available for repairing or replacing your roof before or after your solar installation?

Many of the issues we see are the more slight surface level damages needing minor repairs. In these cases, you have options that don’t delay your flat roof solar installation. For example, many of our customers choose to reseal their roofs while waiting for the permitting process to be completed (which can take three to four months). 

If parts of your roof need to be reflashed after installation for instance, solar panel removal is not necessary. Our solar panel systems use standard roofing materials and equipment that can be flashed around just like any other protruding objects on the roof.

Many homes in NYC have complex HVAC systems that make repairs and roof replacement far more challenging than solar does – and those rooftops are maintained just fine. 

Are the additional costs of my roof repairs included in my solar installation cost when filing for the federal solar tax credit?

You may wonder if any roof repairs you have done before your solar installation can be claimed when you file for the federal solar tax credit. In past iterations of the solar Investment Tax Credit (ITC), there has been some gray area as to what expenses are covered. However, the IRS currently has a clear definition of qualifying expenses:

“You may be able to take a credit of 26%* of your costs of qualified solar electric property…Include any labor costs properly allocable to the onsite preparation, assembly, or original installation of the residential energy efficient property and for piping or wiring to interconnect such property to the home.

…Qualified solar electric property costs are costs for property that uses solar energy to generate electricity for use in your home located in the United States.”

IRS Instructions for Form 5695

By this definition, the following expenses are covered:

  • The cost of the system, including panels, racking, inverters, and other equipment
  • Labor costs, including installation and permitting and inspection fees
  • Solar batteries
  • Any applicable sales taxes

Further, the tax code explicitly states that “structural components such as a roof’s decking or rafters that serve only a roofing or structural function” do not qualify for the credit. For this reason, it is our interpretation that roof replacement is not a qualifying expense.

Some solar companies may tell you that you can repair or replace your roof in tandem with installing solar panels and claim the roofing costs under the ITC. It’s a good idea to be cautious of this – we don’t want you and your family to be audited. Consult with a tax professional for guidance.

*This quote was taken from the 2021 tax code, when the tax credit only accounted for 26% of installation costs. As of August 2022, it was boosted to 30%.

Who can repair or replace a roof in NYC?

If you do choose to have roof repairs or replacement done, it’s important to recognize that roofing and solar are two separate jobs. Some solar installation companies offer roofing services and some roofing companies offer solar installations for cost-saving purposes. We do not – we believe in leaving roof work to the roofing experts while we handle the solar. We install almost exclusively on hundred year old flat buildings in the city, and are experts in how to safely and effectively attach to century-old homes.

Because roofing and solar are two separate projects, it’s best that you choose a quality installer for each one. You wouldn’t want a roofer installing solar as an afterthought, or vice versa – you’ll want to make the best choice of each type of contractor. We’ve worked alongside a number of local roofing contractors that we are happy to recommend if you choose to go that route.

Installing Solar Panels on Your Flat Roof in New York City

We want to reiterate that although we don’t deny the necessity of a quality, stable roof before installing solar, flat roof condition is generally not something that will impede your ability to go solar. In the case that your roof has a broken seal or needs to be reflashed, for example, there are options that won’t delay your solar installation. 

Brooklyn SolarWorks is committed to a high-quality solar panel installation in NYC. This means starting with the foundation. If we determine your flat roof to be in need of replacement or bigger repairs before installing solar, we won’t rush into a solar installation until your roof is complete.

Ready to go solar on your flat roof? Schedule a free consultation today!

nyc homeowners guide to flat roof solar free download

Can you install solar panels on a flat roofed home in New York City?

The short answer is: absolutely! For a long time, local solar contractors avoided installing solar panels on flat roofs in NYC due to the city’s notoriously strict codes and difficulties in maximizing solar potential. This left a huge gap in the local solar market where so many of the homes have flat roofs.

BSW’s mission from the beginning has been to make solar accessible and appealing for flat-roofed homeowners. We’ve developed design and installation methods – and a mastery of NYC building and permitting codes – that overcome these challenges and ensure that flat roof homeowners benefit from solar power just like their pitched roof neighbors.

What equipment is involved in installing solar panels on a flat roof?

Flat roof solar system design is similar to pitched or sloped roof solar design, in that it consists of only a few main components located on the roof and in the basement of the home. However, because flat roofs in NYC often have shade from the building next door or obstructions like hatches and skylights, we had to get a little more creative with our system design – utilizing two different racking system options.

Solar Canopy

One of our racking options is our proudest innovation, the Brooklyn Solar Canopy, which elevates the panels nine feet above the roof, avoiding fire paths and any obstructions. The canopy can not only produce energy, but also a great rooftop living space.

Solar Tilt Rack

Our other mounting option is the tilt rack, which is close to the roof surface and splits a solar array into separate sections. Because the panels are sectioned off, the solar array can be positioned in various ways to avoid roof obstructions while maximizing energy production. Tilt racks are a great option for the landmarked homes of our community, which are not allowed to have rooftop solar panels visible from the street according to city code.

Do you own a landmarked home and want to know about your solar options? Contact us to speak with a solar specialist.

Are there any disadvantages to solar on a flat roof?

You may have heard that solar panels on a flat roof won’t produce as well or that flat roof systems are more expensive. The truth is that there aren’t any inherent disadvantages to flat roof solar as compared to a pitched roof system.

While there may be different design considerations and equipment needed, these things don’t affect the quality of the system or energy production. But because flat roof systems require specialized designs, it’s a good idea to choose an installer that knows how to maximize solar performance on these types of roofs.

6 Questions to Ask an Installer Before Your Flat Roof Solar Installation 

1. How long do solar panels last? 

In general, solar panels last an average of 25 to 30 years. The system won’t stop producing completely after 30 years, but the amount of energy produced will decline over time.

One of the main reasons customers choose to go solar is the electric savings they receive by producing their own energy. In order to get the most out of your investment in solar, it’s important to make sure you’re choosing a high-quality installer that uses durable solar panels.

BSW’s solar panel provider is REC, whose industry-leading panels are built to last decades. But in the case that any component of your system requires maintenance or replacement throughout its lifespan, we provide a 30 year total-system warranty to all of our customers. We guarantee your system will produce as expected and get you the savings you deserve.

2. How much maintenance is required?

This is a common concern to have, as you want to do everything you can to take care of your system and secure a solid return on your investment in solar. But, solar systems should generally require little to no maintenance on the customer side. 

Cleaning your panels or removing debris is not necessary, because your panels will be angled so that rainwater can run off naturally and take any debris with it. If you do choose to clean your panels, however, don’t use harsh detergents or metal brushes that could scratch the glass. 

Removing snow from your panels is also not required or recommended – it will drift off naturally as well. The energy you might lose out on during a snowstorm is minimal and not worth a trip up to an icy rooftop.

If anything, sometimes our customers come across minor solar system maintenance issues having to do with the WiFi connection for example. For this reason we provide 24/7 system monitoring to ensure all of our installed systems are operating and producing as they should be.

3. How will my solar panels hold up in strong winds and harsh weather?

As we know, NYC can see some pretty harsh weather, from blizzards to hurricanes to heatwaves. Naturally, you might be wondering specifically about the viability of solar panels in a cold climate like ours. Many of our customers want to know how solar panels on a flat roof can handle heavy snow and strong winds – after all, you don’t want your panels or your roof to get damaged in a storm. It’s crucial that you invest in a system that will last its lifespan, meaning it will need to hold up against years of Northeast weather.

The Brooklyn Solar Canopy was designed to secure solar panels on a flat roof even in harsh weather.
Our Brooklyn Solar Canopy was engineered to withstand strong winds and snow – pictured here is a canopy holding 48,000 pounds.

Fortunately, the parts and equipment we use are built to withstand extreme weather. REC solar panels are tested extensively against harsh weather. Our solar canopy system itself can hold 48,000 pounds – the equivalent of a blizzard’s worth of snow load and 120 mph winds. For maximum stability, our systems are bolted to the roof’s underlying rafters using a watertight connector called OMG. 

4. How would a solar installation benefit me financially?

Switching to solar energy is an investment not only in the planet, but also in your family and home. That’s why it’s essential to run the numbers before your solar installation. We’ll get started for you here with three of the top financial benefits of going solar in NYC:

  • Between the city, state, and federal governments, NYC has some of the best solar tax incentives in the country – covering up to 60% of the cost of a solar installation.
  • The energy your system produces can reduce or even eliminate your electric bill. Con Edison’s net metering program compensates you for excess energy produced in retail credits that are applied towards your future electric bills. 
  • Solar will increase your home value. A study by Zillow determined that solar boosted home resale value in the New York metro area by an average of 5.4%, while NYC itself had an extra 1.8% boost.

One of our favorite things about our work is sharing information about these financial benefits and incentives with our customers. Want to learn about how much you could save by going solar? Get in touch with us!

5. Can I replace my roof in addition to a solar panel installation?

You may have heard that the current iteration of the Federal Investment Tax Credit covers roof replacement in tandem with a solar installation. Contrary to this belief, our interpretation of the tax code is that roof replacement is not a qualifying expense. 

Be aware of installers who tell you otherwise – we don’t want you and your family to be in danger of tax fraud. 

(Disclaimer: we’ll always do our best to give the most accurate information regarding solar tax incentives, but we are not tax professionals – please always consult an accountant or financial advisor for the best advice.)

6. Can battery storage be provided?

An increasingly common question for prospective solar customers is whether or not they can acquire a battery to store the energy they produce. It’s important to know as a New Yorker that current FDNY policy does not allow for solar battery installations in residential buildings. When that policy changes, however, all BSW systems can be retrofitted to accommodate batteries.

But as we mentioned above, the current net metering program compensates you for excess energy your system produces in the form of retail energy credits which are applied toward your electric bills. In this way, we like to say that net metering acts as a virtual battery – you may not be able to install a physical battery, but you’ll still benefit from the extra energy your system produces.

Finding the Right Solar Installation Company in NYC

Like any major home improvement project, it’s important to choose the right company to work with. You want a contractor that creates a high-quality product while making the process seem like a breeze. 

When it comes to flat roof solar installations in NYC, it’s imperative that you choose an installer that understands how to work in lockstep with the city’s complex building codes and permitting processes so that you get the best solar system possible. The Brooklyn SolarWorks team are NYC’s flat roof solar installations experts.

Take charge of your future and go solar now! Schedule your free consultation today.

Ever wonder what it’s like to install solar on a flat roof? This video will explain our process for carrying out residential NYC solar installations, as well as solar system monitoring and financing.

Whether you’re still considering solar or you’re gearing up for your installation, here’s a glimpse into what you can expect. 

The Solar Install Team Arrives

Our crew arrives at 9am and starts working immediately. They require access to the roof, basement, and yard spaces for the duration of the work day, which typically concludes around 5pm. Based on the size of your solar system, it’ll take 1-2 days to complete (weather permitting).

We hoist the panels and related equipment onto the roof using a pulley that’s set up at the front of your building. The electrical components of your system are carried to their set up location.

Solar System Installation Begins

We use a UL listed product called OMG to attach our solar components to the roof decking. These are watertight connections designed to withstand the NYC weather

From there, we fasten the external conduit in a discrete location on either the front or backside of your home. We then enter into the building basement either in the front of the building or backyard. All penetrations are flashed and sealed for watertightness.

Then, we mechanically fasten the solar panels to the heavy duty solar racking.

The Inverter is Connected

We install the inverter, or “brains” of your solar system, either on the roof or in the basement near your electrical service panel. The inverter is approximately the size of a carry-on suitcase.

We pull the wire through the conduit to the basement. Then we connect all the DC and AC wiring to the inverter.

After the Installation: Financing & Monitoring

After we’ve installed your system, Con Edison will replace your existing meter with a net meter and issue a final acceptance letter shortly thereafter. At this point, the installation is registered with their billing system. You can then activate your system by turning on the AC disconnect switch or dedicated solar breaker. We can provide instructions, or stop by to assist.

In order to set up monitoring for your system, we can connect your new equipment to your WiFi network. We’ll connect the system on-site and will set up your monitoring login a few days after the installation.

We will reach out regarding the final payment details shortly after the installation is completed and turned on. You may pay by ACH debit in your customer portal, paper check, or credit card. Credit card payments incur a 2.75% fee. If you have loan paperwork to finalize we will ask you to do so at this time. Please note that this payment is not the final payment to Brooklyn SolarWorks. The final payment comes from NYSERDA at final sign-off and is approximately 5% of project costs. 

Your solar installation is now complete! Congrats on making the switch to clean energy.

Whether you’ve just signed up or are beginning to research solar options, we hope this helped to illustrate our unique turnkey process for completing NYC solar installations. One of our pride points is once a customer agrees to their project, we handle the rest. We’ve got you covered – from assessment, to permitting, installation, and claiming your solar tax credits

If you’re ready to go solar, schedule a free site evaluation.

To revisit your custom solar proposal, contact our team at info@brooklynsolarworks.com.

If you’re considering solar, you’ve most likely heard that going solar in NYC is too expensive. Perhaps you’ve heard solar panels won’t hold up during hurricanes or that they make homes look unappealing.

Don’t worry, we’ve heard the same. We’re here to let you know that these ideas are totally false! In this article, we’ll go through the most common solar misconceptions we hear and prove them to be pure myths.

Myth: Flat roofs can’t go solar.

For many years, this was a common belief in the solar industry. Most solar contractors in the area had embraced methods and practices that were developed for the suburban customer and home. As a result, the industry as a whole avoided the borough’s dense residential neighborhoods and iconic flat roof townhomes.

We’ve built Brooklyn SolarWorks as a business to close this gap. This has meant pioneering entirely new design and residential solar installation methods that match the unique characteristics of the local housing stock. We’ve also acquired a mastery of the City’s complex code, zoning and permitting rules. We specifically developed our most famous innovation — the patented, award-winning Brooklyn Solar Canopy — to make solar viable on townhome roofs. 

When other installers say no to flat roof solar, we say yes!

Myth: Solar systems cannot withstand freezing temperatures, hail, hurricanes, or other extreme weather.

BSW’s solar panel provider REC tests their panels thoroughly against a broad range of extreme weather.

BSW systems have also undergone extensive testing: our canopy can hold around 48,000 pounds. This means it can withstand a blizzard’s worth of snow and over 120 mph winds — exceeding the city’s wind requirements. (For reference, when Hurricane Sandy made landfall in New Jersey, the highest recorded wind speed was 80 mph.)

To ensure maximum stability, we bolt our systems to the roof’s underlying rafters. We use a UL listed product called OMG to attach our solar components to the roof decking. These watertight connections ensure stability in times of harsh NYC weather.

Myth: There aren’t any financial benefits to going solar in NYC.

Going solar is absolutely worth it! As a New Yorker, you can take advantage of some of the best solar tax incentives in the country.

But that’s not all: going solar will reduce (or eliminate!) your electric bill. While solar won’t disconnect your home from Con Edison, it will decrease your dependence on energy coming from the grid.

Your solar system will likely produce more energy than your home even needs. This excess energy will be sent back into the grid, but ConEd will return it to you in the form of retail energy credits applied toward your future electric bills (this is a program called Net Metering). These credits can drastically reduce your monthly payments to ConEd or even eliminate them altogether. Making the switch to solar just makes financial sense.

Myth: Solar in NYC is too expensive.

The solar tax incentives available to New Yorkers can cover around 60 percent of the cost of your solar system come tax season. 

But for that remaining 40 percent, the way you pay is up to you. There are a number of financing options available, such as New York State-backed loans. We like to tell our customers that if you’re paying taxes and your electric bill, you can afford to go solar.

The total cost of our systems average around $35,000, but vary depending on system size. While this number may seem a bit out of reach, it’s more affordable than you think.

Rich solar incentives make NYC solar very affordable.

Myth: Solar systems look unappealing and they’ll make your home unattractive. 

We respect that homeowners may have aesthetic concerns. That’s why we customize our solar system designs to fit our customers’ needs.

Our canopy design is our pride and joy. It’s a patented, award-winning design that we created in collaboration with Situ Studio to make solar accessible on city rooftops. Many of our customers love it because it allows you to create a living space on your rooftop while still producing energy from the sun. 

But canopies aren’t everyone’s cup of tea, and sometimes aren’t the best option for every roof anyway. Tilt racks, for example, are angled, closer to the roof surface, and can be installed so that the system is not visible from the street. 

If you’re still not convinced, a 2019 study by Zillow found that solar increases home resale value by an average of 4.1% across the country. The study found that the solar boost was higher in the New York metro area than the national average, topping out at 5.4%. The NYC solar premium was 1.8% more than it is statewide. That’s an extra $23,989 in value for solar home owners in the five boroughs. Sounds like solar is pretty attractive after all!

Myth: Solar systems require a lot of cleaning and maintenance.

Solar systems require very little maintenance. You don’t need to clean your panels. Your solar array is angled so that rainwater can run off naturally, taking with it any build up and debris. If you do choose to clean your panels, however, avoid harsh detergents and metal or hard plastic brushes that could scratch the glass.

You also don’t need to clean snow off of your panels and we don’t recommend it. The power you may miss out on during a snowstorm is minimal. It’s not worth risking a trip up to an icy rooftop.

Myth: Solar doesn’t work when it’s not sunny.

While it’s true that your solar system will produce less when it’s very cloudy or snowy, Con Edison’s Net Metering program allows you to utilize solar even when the system’s not actively producing. 

In short, your system produces a lot of excess energy when it’s sunny. Con Ed will return this excess energy to you in retail energy credits. You can use these when the sun’s not shining at night or on a cloudy day.

Myth: The area under the solar canopy has to stay empty.

One of the great things about the canopy design is having the ability to utilize the space underneath by creating your own rooftop living space. Our customers have created some incredible Green Roof spaces over the years.

Myth: Landmarked homes can’t go solar in NYC.

Landmark status used to be considered disqualifying for solar, but not anymore! 

For these homes, solar installations must be completely invisible from all angles on street level, front and back. We’ve developed zero visibility installation methods, and have mastered the City’s complex landmarks design and application rules. 

As a result, solar is not only possible on these formerly “no go” properties, but landmarked homes are now among our most common project types in Park Slope, Bedford Stuyvesant, Sunset Park and other historic neighborhoods.

Myth: Solar canopies can be installed closer to the roof surface.

Our canopies are elevated to nine feet above the roof’s surface to comply with current FDNY fire code. This one is out of our hands!

Myth: BSW chooses not to offer solar battery storage.

This is another design factor that is unfortunately out of our hands. FDNY has specific policies surrounding solar battery installations in residential buildings that currently make obtaining a permit impossible. Although we can’t install batteries now, all BSW systems can be retrofitted to accommodate a battery once they are allowed.

Also, we consider Con Edison’s Net Metering Program to be a kind of virtual battery. Net Metering is a billing mechanism that allows you to store your excess solar energy as retail energy credits to be used at a later date. So, you can still utilize your solar production even when the sun isn’t shining, just like a physical battery.

There are countless myths about NYC solar out there. Nevertheless, going solar will always make sense: for your wallet, for your home, and for the planet. 

Making the switch to solar is a big decision. That’s why we’re here to clear up any misconceptions and answer any questions you have throughout the process.

Questions? Get in touch with a member of our team now.

Are you ready to flip the switch to solar? Schedule your free consultation today.